These digital and print outlets have pushed Islamophobic discourse and thought.
Tundra Tabloids (TT)
SITAmnesty (SITA) (Stop Islamisation and Terrorist Actions)
Politically Incorrect (PI)
Nie dla Islamizacji Europy (NDIE) (Not for the Islamisation of Europe)
4 Freedoms Community (4F)
PamelaGeller.com (Formerly: Atlas Shrugs)
Bare Naked Islam
Gates of Vienna (GoV)
New English Review
Refugee Resettlement Watch
The Human Events Group
Breitbart News Network
The Rebel Media
Pajamas Media (PJ Media)
Den Danske Forening (DDF) (The Danish Society)
This is a regularly updated Czech anti-Muslim website. The website was founded in 2005, with the aim of informing readers about “the creeping penetration of Islam into Europe”.
The Editor-in-Chief is Edvard Steinsky, and the site has published speeches by Vaclav Klaus.
Co-Publisher and International Editor: Henrik Ræder Clausen
An independent, Danish-based anti-Muslim news service, EuropeNews is a major counter-jihad portal, linking transatlantic activity. The website is published in both English and German.
Its editor Henrik Ræder Clausen is active with the ICLA and the site has close links with the International Free Press Society (IFPS).
EN sent a representative to the Counter Jihad conference in Zurich on 12-13 June 2010.
In July 2015, the website published Anne Marie Waters’ “response to ridiculous claims by HOPE not hate”, an interview with Pegida’s Nicolai Sennels and a defence of Geert Wilders.
The site had previously published regularly though it hasn’t been updated since May 2017.
This Finland-based blog was founded in October 2007 and is run by US-born Kenneth G. Sikorski. Sikorski addressed the inaugural Counter Jihad conference in Brussels on 18 October 2007, and attended the Counter Jihad conference in London on 24 September 2011.
TT live-blogged Elisabeth Sabaditsch-Wolff’s 2011 court case, in which Sabaditsch-Wolff was convicted for hate speech, with information fed through Henrik Clausen.
It is part of a network which has published the Fjordman Files to ensure Fjordman’s material is distributed widely across the web, preventing it from being permanently taken down.
This network was established by Klein Verzet through his own blog.
The blog has received support from high-profile counter-jihad activists and organisations, including Pamela Geller, The Center For Vigilant Freedom, Daniel Pipes and Mark Steyn.
The blog still regularly publishes content.
SITA is a blog and website based in France. Founded in 2006, its claims to raise awareness about the true dangers of Islam.
SITA deliberately mimics the tactics of Amnesty International, for example asking its readers to print articles from the site and send them to authorities, city councils or civil servants.
The blog still infrequently publishes articles.
Chief editor: Christian Jung
Metropolico is a German website that acts as an anti-immigration news service. It was founded in 2012 as Blu-News and renamed Metropolico in 2015.
Although it claims to represent liberal and civil positions, it is a platform for AfD (Alternative for Germany)-linked activists.
The website is infrequently updated.
Founder: Stefan Herre (Advisory Board member, Stop Islamization of Nations)
Leader of the Bavarian chapter: Michael Stürzenberger (who attended the European Counter-Jihad rally re-launch of the European Defence League in Århus, Denmark on 30 March 2012).
PI was founded in 2004 in Germany as a conservative blog. Since the Danish Muhammad cartoons it has become the leading online German anti-Muslim network.
PI campaigns against the “Islamisation” of Germany and Europe. It supports the far-right die Freiheit (Freedom Party) and was positive towards the far-right Pro Germany Citizens’ Movement until 2010.
PI sent a representative to the Counter Jihad Conference in Zurich on 12-13 June 2010. It is now supportive of the (AfD) Alternative for Germany party. The blog’s local news bureau in Bavaria is monitored by the Verfassungsschutz (intelligence service).
It claims to have 51 local chapters in Germany and an additional six in Austria, the Czech Republic and Switzerland.
Editor: Hans Rustad
Co-editor: Christian Skaug, since 2008, and Hanne Tolg since 2013
Founded in Norway in January 2003 as a small publishing company and a Norwegian nationalist online magazine, document.no is one of the most important right-wing blogs in the country.
It is anti-immigration and anti-Muslim and has published articles by counter-jihad activists such as Geert Wilders. It was initially set up to publish books and, from 2013, a periodical.
Anders Breivik was a strong supporter of document.no, posting over 100 comments on articles between September 2009 and October 2010. He was generally very supportive of the website, and in his last post on the document.no website said:
“Thanks for the great effort to date, Hans and document. You are doing an incredibly important job and is considered today to be one of very few ideological alternative voices. And you will be noticed from the country’s parliamentary representatives and journalists. I would even argue that the document has become a political force in Norway, as we all know that the country’s elites secretly read document weekly! 🙂 You continue to make Norway a great service! :-)”
Breivik did differ from document.no from time to time, often suggesting alternative approaches to some issues.
Despite Breivik’s support, the website’s popularity has continued to grow. It was praised as “one of Norway’s most important media”, and as “obligatory reading for everyone wanting to follow the immigration debate” by Aftenposten columnist Bjørn Stærk in 2013.
The site steadily grew, claiming 73,000 unique visitors in the month of August 2011, 145,000 unique visitors during December 2014, and 270,000 unique visitors in September 2016.
The group also has an active Facebook page, which as of January 2018 has over 34,900 Likes.
CEO: Lars Hedegaard
Publisher: Ingrid Carlqvist
This is an inactive Danish/Swedish newspaper founded in 2012 by Lars Hedegaard and Ingrid Carlqvist of the Free Press Societies of Denmark and Sweden.
The anti-Muslim newspaper and then online magazine printed in Swedish, Danish and English. Its first issue was sent free to all members of the Sweden Democrats party. It would go on to carry out interviews with many prominent counter-jihad activists including English Defence League founder Stephen Yaxley-Lennon (AKA Tommy Robinson).
The publication has received funding from the Middle East Forum Education Fund in the past but, in August 2013, the printed version came to an end, citing financial difficulties.
In 2015, it was reported that members of Dispatch International were involved in the unsuccessful Pegida demonstration held in Malmo, Sweden.
No articles have been published online since May 2016.
Editor in Chief/Founder: Damian Kowalski
NDIE is a website with articles about “Islamisation”, immigration and geopolitics. It has sections on Polish, European and world news and is updated regularly. The earliest post on the site dates back to February 2013.
As of January 2018 the group has more than 348,000 Likes on Facebook.
Leaders: ‘Jihadi Joe’ and ‘Noisykafir’ (magazine illustrator). Real names unknown.
Vive Charlie was a British-based online satirical magazine, co-founded anonymously under the pseudonyms ‘Jihadi Joe’ and ‘Noisykafir’.
The magazine launched in January 2015 in response to the Charlie Hebdo massacre and has received global popularity, particularly in France. However, although it described itself as an upholder of free speech, its Twitter account continues to be a platform for anti-Muslim hatred.
Regular contributors included:
Old Holborn (Robert Ambridge), Mark Sparrow (journalist, photographer and broadcaster), Katie Hopkins (ex-Sun and Mail Online columnist), Martin Daubney (Sky TV pundit, Telegraph columnist), Robert Spencer (Director of Jihad Watch and author), Michael Sherlock (author), David Paxton (social commentator), Greg Cook (stand-up comedian), and the Lawyers’ Secular Society.
Vive Charlie was one of the partner organisers for the cancelled Muhammad cartoons exhibition in London, which was scheduled for September 2015.
The last issue was released on 1 August 2016, although its Twitter account remains active.
Founded in 2009 by Alan Ayling (AKA Alan Lake) as an anti-Muslim blog and network, the 4 Freedoms (4F) website is a cornerstone of the British counter-jihad scene.
In September 2009, Lake issued a manifesto based on four fundamental freedoms that Western civilisation must defend: free speech, democracy, equality in law and cultural tolerance.
The website has public and private chat rooms and has been an important discussion board for the counter-jihad movement. It is currently closed to new members.
4F has had links with Casuals United, the English Defence League (EDL), the Scottish Defence League (SDL), the Welsh Defence League (WDL), March for England (MFE), Stop Islamisation of England (SIOE), United British Alliance (UBA), the International Free Press Society (IFPS), ACT! for America, American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI) and Stop Islamization of America (SIOA). Other key activists involved with the website are US-born (but London-based) ‘Kinana Nadir’ and Norwegian-based British citizen Phillip Smeeton.
Founder, Publisher and Editor: Pamela L. Geller (President, Stop Islamization of
Nations; Executive Director: American Freedom Defense Initiative; Stop Islamization of America)
This New York-based website was founded in 2004 and originally named ‘Atlas Shrugs’ after the novel by right-wing novelist and philosopher Ayn Rand.
The website is the main destination for the work of leading counter-jihadist Pamela Geller, thus making it an important platform within the movement. PamelaGeller.com was once branded a “hate site” by PayPal. The website is regularly updated with news items and offers a newsletter and linked YouTube channel.
According to the digital market analytics site SimilarWeb, PamelaGellar.com had 2.68million visits in October 2017.
Editor: Bonni Benstock-Intall
Founded in 2008, this New York-based blog is one of America’s most prolific and extreme publishers of anti-Muslim content.
It claims that Islam is not a religion, but rather a “totalitarian political cult-like ideology”. In 2011, supporters used it to post threatening comments directed at a mosque in Virginia.
While the blog’s editor claims she does not advocate violence, she does condone the “banning of Islam and the closing of all mosques in the US”. The website has celebrated attacks on mosques and other Muslim institutions.
The Bare Naked Islam website still posts regularly.
Co-founder: Edward S. May (AKA Ned May and Baron Bodissey)
Co-founder: Dymphna (pseudonym used by Edward May’s wife)
There are a number of other regular contributors who write under pseudonyms.
Gates of Vienna (GoV) acts as a central blog and news service for the European counter-jihad movement.
Founded on 9 October 2004, the Virginia-based blog is named after the Siege of Vienna from 14 July – 12 September 1683, when the (Christian) Habsburg forces halted the advance of the Ottoman Empire.
GoV is run by Edward S. May under the name Baron Bodissey, based in Richmond, Virginia. May is director of the Center for Vigilant Freedom and is linked to the International Free Press Society.
The blog carries reports on news and movement events across the globe, offering a platform for some of the world’s most militant counter-jihadists, who believe that civil war (with Muslims) is both inevitable and necessary. The most prominent of these is a British counter-jihadist who writes under the pseudonym ‘El Ingles’.
Another regular contributor on the blog site is Peder Nøstvold Jensen, who writes under the name ‘Fjordman’. Fjordman/Jensen is a Norwegian counter-jihadist who was referenced more than anyone else in Anders Breivik’s manifesto, which he circulated shortly before his 2011 killing spree. Over 300 of Fjordman’s articles appear on the Gates of Vienna site. Similar to El Ingles, Fjordman believes that civil war will be necessary to deal with the Islamist threat. A third regular contributor is the UK’s Paul Weston, formerly of the far-right Liberty GB party and Pegida UK.
According to the digital market analytics site SimilarWeb, the website received 475,000 visits in October 2017.
Founder and Director: Robert B. Spencer (Vice-President, Stop Islamization of Nations and Associate Director: American Freedom Defense Initiative and Stop Islamization of America)
Vice-President: Hugh Fitzgerald (Senior Review Editor, New English Review and Director, World Encounter Institute), since 2004.
This American counter-jihad website was founded 23 September 2003.
Jihad Watch is affiliated and funded by the David Horowitz Freedom Center (DHFC), based at the Washington D.C. headquarters of the Human Events newspaper. It has close links with the American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI) and Stop Islamization of America (SIOA). It is listed as a ‘hate group’ by the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC).
According to the digital market analytics site SimilarWeb, Jihad Watch received 2.15million visits in October 2017.
Publisher: Rebecca Bynum (Secretary, World Encounter Institute and former board member, Jihad Watch)
Senior Review Editor: Hugh Fitzgerald (Vice-President, Jihad Watch and Director, World Encounter Institute)
Managing Editor: Kendra Mallock (Graphic Designer for New English Review Press)
The New English Review (NER) was founded in January 2006 as a monthly online magazine. The organisation also runs a publishing house, New English Review Press, and the organisation’s donations are funded through the World Encounter Institute Inc.
NER writers were among the speakers at the American Freedom Defence Initiative ‘Rally Against Sharia’. In 2013 the site was taken down by a direct denial of service (DDOS) attack, and another further DDOS attack on 19 February 2016.
According to the digital market analytics site SimilarWeb, NER received 63,180 visits in October 2017. NER also has a Facebook group, which as of January 2018 has over 3,900 members.
Editor: Ann Corcoran
Founded in 2007, this Maryland-based anti-refugee website vehemently opposes admitting Muslim refugees and immigrants into the USA.
The blog’s editor Ann Corcoran regularly spins conspiratorial falsehoods, claiming refugee policies are being exploited by Muslims so that they can “colonize” Europe and the USA.
In recent years, she has travelled America giving presentations on refugee resettlement and other immigration issues to local conservative groups. Corcoran describes her anti-refugee efforts as “a battle to save western civilization”.
Founder, Editor and Chief Executive: Joseph Farah (Member, Council for National Policy; former daily talk-show host and author, Taking America Back: A Radical Plan to Revive Freedom, Morality and Justice)
Co-founder: Elizabeth Farah (Steering Committee Member, Sharia Awareness Action Network)
Featured columnist: Pamela Geller (President, Stop Islamization of the World and Executive director, Stop Islamization of America)
The conspiracy-minded WND was founded 1997 as an independent right-wing online news service.
The Washington DC-based WND publishes Whistleblower (formerly WorldNet) monthly magazine and Joseph Farah’s G2 Bulletin (since 10 February 2003) weekly online intelligence newsletter. It is also the publisher of choice for many of the leading counter-jihadist authors in the United States.
Between 2008 and 2011 WND was involved in peddling conspiracy theories about Barack Obama’s citizenship. The New York Times reported in July 2016 that Farah had advised Donald Trump on the topic in 2011. In 2012 the Southern Poverty Law Center accused WND of “peddling white nationalism”. On 1 June 2016 Farah informed the WND mailing list that the site was in financial trouble though it continues to publish new content.
According to the digital market analytics site SimilarWeb, the website received 10.17 million visits in October 2017. WND also has a Facebook page which, as of January 2018, has over 876,000 Likes.
This is a Canadian based counter-jihad blog site, named after Vlad the Impaler (aka Vlad III Dracula, 1431-1476), a folk hero of the Romanians, who campaigned against the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.
It promotes the writings of Fjordman and attacks Islam, comparing it to Nazism and Communism.
The website regularly produces English subtitles for foreign language videos or foreign subtitles for English language videos of counter-jihad speeches and other relevant material that is then posted on the Vlad Tepes blog YouTube page. The videos are often then posted on the Gates of Vienna blog. This service makes Vlad Tepes an important site in disseminating material around the international counter-jihad scene.
This American organisation was founded in 1944 as a conservative weekly magazine. The Human Events Group includes HumanEvents.com and RedState.com and offers e-letters such as Daily Events, RedState Morning Briefing, and Guns & Patriots.
It takes its name from the first sentence of the United States Declaration of Independence (“when in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another…”).
Human Events is published in Washington D.C. by Eagle Publishing (which also owns Regnery Publishing, publisher of numerous anti-Muslim and anti-Islam books).
The website has published articles by both Robert Spencer and Pamela Geller.
Director: George Igler
The Discourse Institute was a “free speech” think tank established in September 2011. The group now appears dormant, with its site and associated social media no longer online.
It was directed by George Igler, a London-based political analyst and friend of Pamela Geller and Robert Spencer. In 2013, the Discourse Institute coordinated a fundraising bid for a legal challenge to the decision by the Home Secretary to ban Geller and Spencer from the UK.
Igler was a speaker at the Brussels Counter Jihad conference in 2012. The Discourse Institute has received funding from the Middle East Forum Education Fund.
In 2016 the Discourse Institute closed. Igler told Reel Talk Radio this was because “the reason for its existence ceased to be”, however, he did say he was still consulting for some “military audience[s]”.
Chairman: Jan Wójcik
Board Members: Grzegorz Lindenberg, Piotr Sebastian Ślusarczyk
EuroIslam describes itself as “the most popular Polish online magazine critical towards Islamization of Europe from the humanistic perspective.”
It is published by Association Europa Przyszłości (Europe of the Future), founded in 2004. The association was active in the pan-European campaign Voice for Europe and has demonstrated against the possibility of Turkey’s accession to the EU.
In 2006 the Association organised a letter of support of Oriana Fallaci from Polish intellectuals, then in 2008 launched its website. The English version of the site provides translations of its texts and gives updates on issues from the Polish angle.
It also publishes books and the print magazine Euroislam, which carries social and political analysis. According to the digital market analytics site SimilarWeb, EuroIslam received 305,030 views in October 2017.
Founder: Thomas Lifson
American Thinker was founded November 2003 as a conservative online daily magazine, this El Cerrito, California-based website and blog principally covers national security issues. It regularly posts articles from some of the most prominent counter-jihadist activists in the United States.
Editor: Alex Marlow
Breitbart News Network is a leading US-based, far-right online news outlet founded by Andrew Breitbart in 2007 and which has offices in London, Texas, California and Jerusalem.
Though the site has gained greater notoriety for its association with the Alternative Right, a wider anti-Muslim sentiment has long been a feature of its content.
Steve Bannon became the site’s executive chair in March 2012 and remained so until he was appointed as chief executive to Donald Trump’s Presidential campaign in August 2016, and took on the role of White House Chief Strategist following Donald Trump’s election. Bannon returned to his former position at Breitbart in August 2017, but left the outlet in January 2018 following an explosive falling out with Trump.
The site has continued its confrontational tone and attacks on immigrants and Muslims that first radically increased after Bannon took the reins in 2012.
Alongside the site’s own anti-Muslim writers, including former Tech Editor Milo Yiannopolous, the site has hosted an array of key anti-Muslim activists, including:
Christine Brim (Senior Fellow, Center for Security Policy (former Chief Operation Officer); Chief Executive, International Civil Liberties Alliance; Secretary, International Free Press Society; Executive Director, Victory Coalition Fund).
Edward S. May (Co-founder, Gates of Vienna blog; former Outreach Co-ordinator, International Free Press Society; former Co-director, Center for Vigilant Freedom/International Civil Liberties Alliance)
David Yerushalmi (Founder and President, Society of Americans for National Existence; Co-founder, American Freedom Law Center; General Counsel, Center for Security Policy, Stop Islamization of America and Stop the Madrassa: A Community Coalition)
The site continues to host contributions from leading anti-Muslim figures, including:
This is an alternative media outlet created by the Canadian anti-Muslim activist Ezra Levant in February 2015, after the shutdown of his previous employer Sun News Network. While Rebel Media covers a variety of topics from a far-right perspective, Islam and Muslims have been persistent topics of attack for many of its contributors.
Ezra Levant has interviewed Stephen Lennon (AKA Tommy Robinson), who since February 2017 also contributes to the site and its social media channels, and the anti-Muslim Swedish artist Dan Park. Levant’s website has also shared videos of Robert Spencer and interviews with Pamela Geller.
Katie Hopkins, the anti-Muslim former columnist for The Sun and Mail Online, began working as a contributor for Rebel in January 2018.
Lennon left the outlet in February 2018.
Contributors have included:
Levant himself moderated an IFPS-Canada sponsored talk by Geert Wilders in Ontario, Canada on 8 May 2011, and addressed the Stop Islamisation of America (SIOA) annual 9/11 Freedom Rally in New York City on 11 September 2011.
Levant has also been an Advisory Board member of Stop Islamization of Nations (SION) (since 2012) and an Advisory Board member of the International Free Press Society (IFPS).
Editor: David Horowitz
Managing Editor: Jamie Glazov
This is an important online conservative website edited by David Horowitz and published by the David Horowitz Freedom Center.
Contributors from the counter-jihad movement include:
Co-Founders: Roger L. Simon, Charles Johnson and Glenn Reynolds
Chief Executive: Roger L. Simon
Staff: Andrew C. McCarthy (Board Member, International Free Press Society and American Freedom Law Center), Andrew Klavan (Contributor, Truth Revolt and conservative pundit), Patrick Poole
Former Paris editor: Nidra Poller (Advisory Board member, International Free Press Society)
Founded 2005 originally as Pajamas Media (PJM) and renamed PJ Media in 2011, PJ Media is a conservative blog and online network of 100 conservative bloggers.
PJ Media used its online platform in summer 2010 to oppose the planned Park51 Islamic community centre near Ground Zero in New York City.
The outlet was cited twice in Norwegian mass murderer Anders Breivik’s manifesto, posted online on 22 July 2011.
From 2008 to 2016 PJ Media ran a subscription video service ‘PJTV’, which ran the ‘Sharia and Jihad Review’ hosted by Reut Cohen.
Guests have included:
President: Tomas Kierstein
Vice President: Harry Vinter
Board: Erik Troldhuus, Axel Artke, Jesper Nielsen, Søren Jensen, Ole Hasselbalch
DDF was founded in 1987 as a cross-party, anti-immigration organisation based in Roskilde in Denmark. It publishes the quarterly Danskeren online magazine, runs a website, publishes an electronic newsletter and operates as a publisher.
Snpahanen DK is a far-right, Islamophobic blog with daily updates, founded in 2004 by Steen Raaschou, member of Trykkefrihedsselsskabet. It publishes articles in both Swedish and Danish.
One of the most active writers since 2010, known as Julia Caesar, is a Swedish former journalist called Barbro Jöberger. She has argued that Africans are less intelligent than other people and described the immigration of Africans to Sweden as a “mass import of mentally retarded people”.
Other contributors include Jan Sjunnesson.
Material from Snaphanen.dk and from Steen Raschou (a possible co-organiser of the first counter-jihad meeting in Copenhagen, 2007) is published or linked to from Gates of Vienna.