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United Kingdom

Contents

Groups

Law and Freedom Foundation

Lawyer’s Secular Society

Liberty GB

Mothers Against Radical Islam and Sharia (MARIAS)

Order 777

Sharia Watch UK

Sikhs Against Sharia

Sikh Awareness Society (SAS)

Victims of Islamic Cultural Extremism (VOICE)

The For Britain Movement

People

Toni Bugle

Ruby Aktah

Alan Ayling aka Alan Lake

Gerard Batten MEP

Gavin Boby

Pat Condell

Jim Dowson

Stephen Gash

Charlie Klendjian (Shahe Klendjian)

Chris Knowles aka Aeneas Lavinium/Aeneas Europa

Ann Marchini

Magnus Nielsen

Paul Ray

Lord Malcolm Pearson of Rannoch

Steve Simmons aka Chris Redmond

Anne Marie Waters

Paul Weston

Simon Harris

Jack Buckby

Luke Nash-Jones


GROUPS

Law and Freedom Foundation

Leader: Gavin Boby

Founded in 2011 and led by planning lawyer and self-styled “mosque buster” Gavin Boby. The Law and Freedom Foundation is most active in attempting to prevent planning applications from mosques.

In 2014, the organisation claimed to have won 20 out of 24 planning applications it made representations to across the UK, though many claim that the Foundation takes credit for planning refusals in which it had no real involvement.

Boby has denied connections to the English Defence League (EDL), despite adverts for “mosque buster volunteers” appearing on the EDL’s website in 2013.

The group has attempted to increase its international reach, with Boby travelling to Canada to hold a series of events with ACT! for Canada in 2013. Boby also has links to Pamela Geller and Robert Spencer’s SION and his campaign to stop mosque applications has been supported and adopted by Geert Wilders.

The Law and Freedom Foundation has more recently focused its efforts on the problem of child sex grooming, with Boby saying he views “sexually active Muslim men” as being behind “an epidemic of child sex-slavery in Britain”.

In 2014, the Foundation produced Easy Meat: Multiculturalism, Islam and Child Sex Slavery, a 333-page report which claimed the sexual abuse of young white girls was the logical consequence of the teachings of Islam.

Boby has written regularly on the Gates of Vienna blog and has spoken at a Mothers Against Radical Islam and Sharia (MARIAS) event at 1 Downing Street in April 2015. Boby has links to the ICLA, speaking at its relaunch in Brussels in 2012. He has appeared on several right-wing US media networks, including FrontPage Magazine and MRCTV. In August 2017, Gavin Boby gave an extended interview to the counter-jihadist YouTube channel, Vlad Tepes.

After several years of inactivity, the organisation’s website published an article by Boby in July 2017, claiming that of 47 legal fights to stop mosques they had won 33.

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Lawyers’ Secular Society

Leader: Unknown

The Lawyers Secular Society (LSS) was relaunched in October 2012, by an in-house lawyer at telecoms firm EE.

Under Klendjian’s stewardship, the group has campaigned for state neutrality towards religion, though predominantly it has been against Sharia law.

The society’s name was connected the online satirical magazine Vive Charlie, which was set up in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo murders and is closely connected to the British counter-jihad scene. Along with Vive Charlie, the LSS sponsored the proposed Muhammad cartoon exhibition in London in 2015.

Klendjian spoke at a MARIAS protest in 2014, at the launch of Sharia Watch UK, and has attended several events as a speaker. He resigned from the LSS in August 2015, he said due to safety concerns in the wake of the Muhammad Cartoons exhibition.

The organisation now appears to be inactive.

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Liberty GB (Defunct)

Leader: Paul Weston

Headed by former UKIP member and former joint leaders of Pegida UK, Paul Weston and George Whale, Liberty GB started in 2013 as a small political party which emerged from the demise of the British Freedom Party.

Liberty GB was an anti-immigration and vehemently anti-Muslim party. It was extremely small and politically insignificant.

Weston had previously created the anti-Muslim British Freedom Party, which for a period was tied to the English Defence League (EDL). While Weston is a well-known figure on the international counter-jihad scene, the party failed to gain any traction in the UK with abysmal electoral results. As well as regularly writing for Gates of Vienna, the pre-eminent counter-jihad blog, Weston also attended the inaugural Pegida UK demonstration in early 2016.

Besides Weston, other key activists at Liberty GB included George Whale, who wrote regularly for its website and had previously stood as a candidate for the party in national elections.

Former leading Liberty GB member, Jack Buckby, managed Anne Marie Waters’ failed UKIP leadership bid, which came to a head in September 2017. He was involved in the formation of Waters’ new party, For Britain. Buckby currently works as a writer and researcher at Canadian media organisation Rebel Media.

In November 2017 the party folded with Weston announcing his support for Waters’ party, For Britain.

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Mothers Against Radical Islam and Sharia (MARIAS)

Leader: Toni Bugle (‘Matriot Toni’)

MARIAS is a female-run group that campaigns against what it believes to be Muslim sexual exploitation. However, as with many in the counter-jihad network, it has a much wider anti-Muslim rhetoric. Anne Marie Waters has come out in support of the group.

In October 2014, the group hosted an event at Speakers’ Corner in London where Marie Waters and founder Toni Bugle spoke to an audience that included property tycoon Ann Marchini and Charlie Klendjian. Alan Ayling has also been linked to MARIAS and was present at a Downing St. event in April 2015, alongside speakers Gavin Boby,

Anne Marie Waters, Magnus Nielsen, Charlotte Rose, Cate Tuitt and Toni Bugle.

Bugle spoke at a Football Lads Alliance (FLA) demonstration in London on 24 June 2017.

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Order 777

Leader: Paul Ray

Formed in 2007, Order 777 is the brainchild of Malta-based Paul Ray and convicted German nazi terrorist Nick Greger.

The two men were instrumental in an early battle for control of the English Defence League (EDL). During a bitter factional fight, it is alleged that Greger, a well-known admirer and close associate of exiled Loyalist paramilitary boss, convicted terrorist and drugs baron, Johnny Adair, threatened the EDL leadership with Adair-inspired violence. Adair is said to have lost interest in the pair after a highly-publicised trip around Africa with Greger.

Order 777 claimed to be international in scope with support from Russia, Germany, USA, Gambia, Senegal, Austria, Bulgaria, Italy, Serbia, UK, Australia, DR Congo, South Africa, Sweden, Norway, Finland and ‘The Holy Land’. However, in reality, it appeared to be only two-strong: Greger and Ray.

The group regularly blogged its vision that there would be a future war between Christians and Islam.

It invoked the imagery and language of the Crusaders with heavy emphasis on Christian identity. The ideology of the group was conspiratorial in tone with it claiming to combat the ‘New World Order’ and expansionist ‘Cultural Marxism’. They were also monarchists, believing European civilisation to be built on monarchy and Christianity.

The group’s website has now expired and is no longer active.

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Sharia Watch UK

Director: Anne Marie Waters

Sharia Watch UK, founded and led by Anne Marie Waters, campaigns “for recognition of the dangers posed by Sharia law in the UK, particularly in relation to women’s rights”.

The group was launched in April 2014 in the House of Lords, with Waters speaking alongside Charlie Klendjian of the Lawyers’ Secular Society. A new report was published at the launch, Sharia Law – Britain’s Blind Spot. The report attempted to portray the supposed extremism of all Muslims, analysing the beliefs of apparently ‘mainstream’ Muslim organisations.

Sharia Watch UK primarily functions as an internet resource. Article contributors include Sam Solomon, a key player in the UK’s anti-Muslim scene, and Alan Craig of the right-wing Christian People’s Alliance, who campaigned against the building of a new mosque in east London.

Despite Waters’ links to anti-Muslim activists such as Lars Hedegaard and Alan Ayling, Sharia Watch UK has been used as a credible source for stories about “Islamic extremists” allegedly “infiltrating’ schools, universities” and “even Scout groups” by both The Daily Mail and The Sunday Telegraph.

The group has worked closely with the Lawyers’ Secular Society and has links to the ICLA. Waters has refused to release information surrounding the organisation’s funders, stating “it isn’t the EDL, or Lars Hedegaard, or Nick Griffin, or Mossad, or Peppa Pig”.

Sharia Watch UK was the driving force behind the planned Muhammad cartoon exhibition in London in September 2015.

Since Anne Marie Waters got heavily involved in the failed Pegida UK project and then ran for UKIP leadership before setting up her new party For Britain, this group has become relatively inactive.

Its activity is confined to cross posting content and very occasional guest blogs.

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Sikhs Against Sharia (Inactive)

Leader: Sareeta Webra

This was an informal organisation founded by Sareeta Webra, who attended an English Nationalist Alliance march and an EDL rally in Dudley in 2010.

The group was linked to SIOE England and Webra has worked together with Stephen Gash on an anti-mosque campaign in Cambridge.

Tell MAMA has shown that “they are an informal organisation that largely exists on Facebook, where most members are white nationalists and non-Sikh.”

The group is no longer active.

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Sikh Awareness Society (SAS)

Spokesperson: Bhai Mohan Singh

The Sikh Awareness Society was established in 1998 to focus heavily on claims of ‘grooming’ of Sikh girls by Muslim men and claims of forced conversions to Islam.

SAS spokesperson Bhai Mohan Singh has given talks across the UK at gurdwaras and Sikh student societies espousing an anti-Muslim message. Dr. Sukhwant Dhaliwal of the University of Bedfordshire reported that at a talk she attended in an east London gurdwara, Singh argued that “Muslims represent an historical threat to the ‘Sikh nation’”.

Singh appeared alongside key British anti-Islam activists such as English Defence League co-founder, and now Rebel Media host, Stephen Lennon (aka Tommy Robinson), former EDL deputy leader Kevin Carroll, former British National Party and Liberty GB press officer Jack Buckby, and Anne Marie Waters of the anti-Muslim For Britain party, at the ‘UK Against Hate’ rally in Manchester on 11 June 2017.

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Victims of Islamic Cultural Extremism (VOICE)

Leaders: Anne Marie Waters and David Britain

Website: www.voiceuk.org

The group was co-founded by Anne Marie Waters and Pegida supporter David Britain in May 2015.

Though set up with the aim of helping “victims of Muslim grooming gangs, FGM, victims of Muslim violence in general and women in fear of their male relatives”, it has extensive links with the rest of the ‘counter-jihad’ movement.

VOICE was launched in central London in May 2015, where George Igler from the Discourse Institute spoke and Waters interviewed Stephen Lennon (Tommy Robinson). The potential of a “Draw Muhammed” day in the UK was raised in this discussion.

The group has been publicly inactive since 2015.

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The For Britain Movement

Leader: Anne Marie Waters

The anti-Muslim movement For Britain was launched by Anne Marie Waters in October 2017 in an attempt to harness the energy of her controversial UKIP leadership campaign in which she came second to Henry Bolton with 21% of the vote. Waters’ campaign aide and current Rebel Media researcher Jack Buckby has been a key influence on the group’s formation.

Unsurprisingly, her new party’s platform is centrally focused on Islam and immigration, and has attracted various anti-Muslim activists. Paul Weston folded his anti-Muslim Liberty GB in November to join the party and For Britain also has the backing of Rebel Media’s Stephen Yaxley-Lennon (aka Tommy Robinson). In order to combat Islam, Waters called for a ban on the burka, describing it as a “a security threat, a symbol of jihadism and a commitment to sharia”. She also advocates “the internment of known jihadis and the deportation of non-British citizens engaged in any Islam-related criminal act”, and would “bring to an end any covert relationships between police commanders and ‘community leaders’”.

Prominent supporters of Waters, including former National Executive Committee (NEC) member Anish Patel and Rope Parish Councillor Brian Silvester, have left UKIP to join For Britain.

However, the group has already suffered setbacks. Technical issues delayed the launch of its new website for over two weeks and Facebook also unpublished the group’s page allegedly for using “hate speech”.

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PEOPLE

Toni Bugle

Toni Bugle is the leader of the counter-jihad group, Mothers Against Radical Islam and Sharia (MARIAS).

She has extensive links throughout the counter-jihad movement and is often called upon by other groups to discuss the issue of ‘Muslim rape’.

Tragically, she is a victim of sexual crime herself and has spoken about her ordeal to numerous counter-jihad outlets.

While not a far-right activist, she told the crowd at a MARIAS demonstration: “I don’t care what you are, I don’t care if you’re Britain First, I don’t care if you’re English Defence League, I don’t even care if you’re National Front.”

In another online video she said: “No matter who you are affiliated with, we can stand together under one umbrella.”

On 24 June 2017, Bugle spoke at a Football Lads Alliance (FLA) demonstration in London.

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Ruby Aktah

Ruby Aktah is involved in the British Pakistani Christian Association (BPCA), which has held demonstrations addressed by Stephen Green of Christian Voice and Christian Concern.

Akhtar has had links with the English Defence League, attending a demonstration with Alan Ayling.

In 2015, she reported on her Facebook page that she was currently studying Criminology at Birkbeck University.

She now runs Ruby’s Rescue Centre, an NGO to support victims of child sexual abuse, which still has an active Facebook page though Companies House suggests the venture was dissolved in February 2017.

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Alan Ayling aka Alan Lake

A millionaire Christian evangelical businessman and former City investment fund manager, Ayling is one of the key figures in the global counter-jihad network.

He runs the 4 Freedoms Library website together with close friend Kinana Nadir.

Having previously been involved in the Free Tibet Movement, Ayling became disillusioned with that and turned to Christianity. He attended the Kensington Temple in Notting Hill, a large Pentecostal church in west London which is run by Reverend Colin Dye. It is thought that it was here that Ayling adopted his focus on the threat of Islam. The church has hosted the anti-Muslim speaker Sam Solomon and Ayling’s friend, Kinana Nadir has also attended there.

Ayling was one of the co-founders of the English Defence League (EDL), as a strategist and funder. The meeting that set up the EDL occurred at his central London flat. He was initially involved with March for England, an anti-Muslim and anti-immigration English nationalist grassroots campaigning organisation formed in 2007, but turned his attention to the United People of Luton in May 2009. Contact was made through an intermediary and a meeting was arranged in Ayling’s flat in London, from which the EDL was born.

Ayling has links to counter-jihad activists across Europe, having described Kent Ekeroth of the far-right Sweden Democrats party as a “good friend”. He spoke admiringly of the EDL and his aims for global counter-jihad action when he addressed a Sweden Democrat conference in Malmö in September 2009.

Ayling is a strong force behind the counter-jihad ideology anticipating civil war. In May 2010, he posted an article on his 4 Freedoms website outlining his belief that “in 20 or 30 years the UK will start to fragment into Islamic enclaves”.

He continued: “It’s time we decide… who we will force in the Islamic enclaves (and who we will execute if they sneak out.) By forcing these liberal twits into those enclaves, we will be sending them to their death at worst, and at best they and their families will be subjected to all the depredations, persecution and abuse that non-Muslims worldwide currently ‘enjoy’ in countries like Pakistan… It will be great to see them executed or tortured to death.”

  • He attended the CounterJihad conference in Copenhagen where he met Peder Jensen Nøstveldt (aka Fjordman), the Norwegian counter-jihadist blogger, 16-17 May 2009
  • In April 2011 he admitted to Norwegian broadcaster TV 2 that he had helped organise six EDL demonstrations
  • Interviewed on Norwegian TV2 channel, he advocated executing people who believed in Sharia law, April 2010
  • Following the Utøya Massacre in Norway, Lake commented: “Apparently, in a long screed Anders Behring Breivik posted on line, he did this attack to protest against the way that Islam is taking over large parts of Europe. By attacking the leftist politicians that are enabling this, the chickens have actually come home to roost – although I’m sure it won’t be depicted that way.” 22 July 2011

In December 2011, Ayling was ‘outed’ as his alias Alan Lake and subsequently suspended from his post at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

Ayling was seen at a MARIAS event at Speakers’ Corner in October 2014. Then, in 2015, Ayling took part in meetings with Stephen Lennon, Anne Marie Waters and Jim Dowson to plan the Mohammad cartoon exhibition in London.

As of February 2018 Ayling still posts very regularly on his 4 Freedoms Library forum.

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Gerard Batten MEP

Gerard Batten is, since February 2018 the leader of UK Independence Party (UKIP) as well as a co-founder, he has been a UKIP MEP since 2004. He was also the party’s spokesman on immigration and Islamism (2010-2014). Batten has links across European counter-jihad networks.

  • Activist, Stop Islamisation of Europe (SIOE), since 2007
  • Member, The Freedom Association (TFA) and former columnist, Freedom Today Magazine, 2004-2009
  • Launched A Proposed Charter of Muslim Understanding by Sam Solomon at the European Parliament in Strasbourg on 13 December 2006, and at the House of Lords in London, 29 April 2007
  • Addressed inaugural CounterJihad conference in Brussels, 18 October 2007
  • Invited Geert Wilders to the European Parliament to screen the film Fitna to an invited audience of MEPs. The event was subsequently prevented from taking place by the parliamentary authorities, December 2008
  • Wrote an article for the Freedom Association stating that Wilders was a “brave man trying to defend western civilisation in the face of its own loss of the most basic instinct of self- preservation”.
  • Proposed a ban on the building of new mosques across Europe, 2010
  • Met counter-jihad activists from across the world attending the CounterJihad conference in London, 25 September 2011
  • Batten is linked to Alan Ayling. In 2011, it emerged that Ayling had met Batten and the pair had spoken on numerous occasions
  • In the wake of the Charlie Hebdo attacks, Batten renewed proposals for Sam Solomon’s A Proposed Charter of Muslim Understanding, January 2014
  • Ex-UKIP MEP Nikki Sinclaire claimed that Batten was very friendly with far-right members of the European Parliament, Geert Wilders and members of Vlaams Belang, 2014
  • Appointed UKIP spokesman on Brexit, 2016
  • Batten caused widespread offense by calling Islam a “death cult, born and steeped in 14,000 years of violence and bloodshed” and arguing that it should be referred to as “Mohammedianism – the cult of Mohammed – because that is what it is”.

Author:

Immigration: Action Overdue! (UKIP, March 2010)

The Inglorious Revolution: The Subversion of the English Constitution and the Path to Freedom (Bretwalda Books, 2013)

The Road To Freedom: How Britain Can Escape the EU (Bretwalda Books, 2014)

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Gavin Boby

Founder and head of the Law and Freedom Society, established online in 2011, Bristol-based Boby writes under the alias ‘Lawman’.

He runs GB Planning Permissions Ltd / Gavin Boby Ltd, a legal planning firm. The Law and Freedom Society, often referred to in counter-jihad networks as the ‘Mosque Busters’, opposes the building and expansion of mosques across the UK, using Boby’s legal credentials. He boasts about winning 20 out 24 mosque applications he has opposed.

Boby had denied any link with the English Defence League, despite an advert appearing on the EDL website in an attempt to recruit an ‘army’ of volunteers for his Law and Freedom Society.

He is linked to SION, Robert Spencer and Pamela Geller, as well as the ICLA, the Q Society and is an integral part of the British ‘counter-jihad’ scene.

Boby has written regularly on the Gates of Vienna blog and has appeared on several right wing US media networks, including FrontPage Magazine and MRCTV.

  • Speaker ICLA relaunch/ Brussels Process, July 2012
  • Lecture tour of Australia under invitation of the Q Society, August/ September 2012
  • Speaker at Q Society event, Melbourne, December 2012
  • Held a series of talks across Canada with ACT! For Canada, 2013
  • Speaker at Q Society/ SION symposium in Melbourne, March 2014
  • Speaker at MARIAS event at Downing Street, April 2015
  • Spoke at the launch of PegidaDK in Copenhagen, February 2016.

In an article on the website of his Law and Freedom Society published in July 2017, claimed that of 47 legal fights to stop mosques he has won 33 times.

In October 2017 Boby addressed an audience of around 100 people at the Christian Fellowship, with a view to helping block the creation of an Islamic Centre in Golders Green, North London.

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Pat Condell

Condell is a former alternative comedian who experienced a modicum of success in the late 1980s and 1990s. He is now known for his YouTube channel, which is popular within the counter-jihad movement for its outspoken criticism of Muslims.

His videos have appeared on counter-jihad sites such as Jihad Watch and Geert Wilders’ personal website. While much of his focus was originally on legitimate concerns regarding free speech, he now regularly posts videos that go well beyond legitimate criticism of Islam and enters the territory of anti-Muslim hatred. He increasingly airs typical counter-jihad conspiracies regarding the invasion of Europe and the claimed ‘epidemic’ of Muslim rape.

His videos now regularly get hundreds of thousands of views with one video, ‘A Word To The Criminal Migrant’ getting nearly one million.

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Jim Dowson

Jim Dowson is a Christian fundamentalist who has been active in British far-right circles for nearly 30 years.

Originally a trainee Calvinist minister from Scotland, Dowson is part of a radical anti-abortion Christian network stretching across Europe. For decades, he engaged in homophobic, pro-life politics in Scotland and Northern Ireland. In the 1980s, he held meetings with the Italian fascist terrorist Roberto Fiore who was, at the time, helping to radicalise the fascist National Front.

In 2007, he linked up with the British National Party (BNP) and eventually started running the party’s Northern Ireland call centre. He became central to the party’s fund raising operation, reportedly raising over £2 million. However, an acrimonious departure followed that saw him cause serious damage to the workings and finance of the party.

Dowson then founded the provocative anti-Muslim street protest group Britain First (BF) in 2011. He was the group’s Head of Administration and takes much of the credit for shifting the party down the route of Christian politics.

However, in July 2015 he quit BF, citing the “provocative and counterproductive” tactic of mosque invasions. However, Dowson’s departure may well have been purely political as he still has an apparent business interest in the group.

After leaving Britain First Dowson went on to set up The Knights Templar International. In 2016 he and former BNP leader Nick Griffin went to Bulgaria to supply materials to a border patrolling extreme right-wing militia group.

In December 2016, The New York Times reported that Dowson had run 16 websites and Facebook pages directed at the US population, through which he disseminated anti-Clinton and pro-Trump propaganda.

In May 2017 he was banned from Hungary for being “a threat to national security”.

He is now splits his time between Belfast and Belgrade.

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Stephen Gash

Gash is the Cumbrian-based former UK spokesman for the Stop Islamisation of Europe (SIOE) network and is also a former member and candidate of the English Democrats, standing in the Sedgefield by-election that followed the resignation of Tony Blair as Labour MP in 2007.

Gash organised and led a number of protests by the SIOE, including one outside Harrow Central Mosque in 2009 that turned violent and saw a number of arrests including his own.

In 2010 Gash announced he was retiring as UK spokesman of the SIOE campaign.

By 2014 he was working together with Sareeta Webra, founder of Sikhs Against Sharia (SAS), to prevent the construction of a mosque in Cambridge.

Gash currently seems to be inactive.

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Charlie Klendjian (Shahe Klendjian)

Hertfordshire-based telecoms lawyer, Klendjian relaunched and acted as secretary of the Lawyers’ Secular Society for 2012 until his resignation following the planned Muhammad cartoons exhibition in London, in August 2015.

He has called for a radicalisation of humanist/secular movements, encouraging these groups to be more outspoken on Islam.

He has also worked closely with Anne Marie Waters.

  • Contributor (and funder) of Vive Charlie magazine
  • Spoke at Manchester University with Anne Marie Waters, January 2015
  • Was due to speak at the University of West London with Waters but the scheduled event was cancelled after complaints, November 2014
  • October 2014 Spoke at MARIAS event at Speakers’ Corner
  • Speaker at Sharia Watch launch, with Waters in the House of Lords, ICLA present, April 2014
  • LSS was relaunched by Klendjian, October 2012.

Klendjian has been less active in recent years.

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Chris Knowles aka Aeneas Lavinium/Aeneas Europa

While now relatively inactive, Christ Knowles was an influential and important figure in the British and European counter-jihad movement. He was involved in the founding of the English Defence League and has been involved in several international counter-jihad organisations.

  • Activist, British Freedom Party (BFP) until it was disbanded in 2012
  • Co-founder, English Defence League (EDL), 2009
  • Director, Centre for Vigilant Freedom (CVF), since renamed the International Civil Liberties Alliance (ICLA), 2007+
  • Co-organiser, Vigilant Freedom Europa, Wakefield-registered UK branch of the CVF, 2007+
  • Attended UK and Scandinavia Counter Jihad summit in Copenhagen, 14 April 2007
  • Attended inaugural CounterJihad conference in Brussels, 18-19 October 2007
  • Addressed conference in Bologna representing Vigilant Freedom Europa/Center for Vigilant Freedom (CVF), 30 November 2007
  • Organiser, Vigilant Freedom Britannia Making Britain Safe for Apostasy conference in London, 11 October 2008.
  • Addressed rally in Berlin in support of Geert Wilders, 17 April 2010
  • Addressed CounterJihad conference in Zurich,12-13 June 2010
  • Attended CounterJihad conference in London, 24 September 2011
  • Attended Brussels Process and relaunch of the ICLA under Alain Wagner’s leadership in the European Parliament, July 2012
  • Knowles was fired from Leeds City Council because of his connections to the Breivik Massacre during his time as director of the ICLA, August 2012
  • Attended the Passion for Freedom art exhibition with Alain Wagner, met organisers including Maryam Nazamie of One Law for All, November 2012
  • Attended ICLA CounterJihad Conference in Warsaw, September 2013
  • Attended the OSCE’s annual Human Dimension and Implementation Meeting in Warsaw with ICLA representatives, September 2013
  • Attended Passion for Freedom art Exhibition, London with Alain Wagner, November 2013
  • ICLA launched Victims of Sharia Action Network (VOSAN) in Basel, Switzerland, with Knowles as programme director, 10 December 2013.

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Ann Marchini

Ann Marchini was a crucial link between more respectable counter-jihadist funders and politicians in North America and Europe. She is also a British buy-to-let property investor.

Marchini was present at the founding meeting of the EDL. She continues to post on Alan Ayling’s 4 Freedoms library as ‘Gaia’, in many of the core groups.

  • Co-founder and funder, English Defence League (EDL), 2009
  • Co-organiser, Vigilant Freedom Europa, UK branch of the Center for Vigilant Freedom (CVF), since renamed the International Civil Liberties Alliance (ICLA)
  • Organised meeting between members of the English and Welsh Defence League (EWDL) and counter-jihadist activists, July 2009
  • Attended UK and Scandinavia CounterJihad summit in Copenhagen, 14 April 2007
  • Attended inaugural CounterJihad conference in Brussels,18-19 October 2007
  • Addressed conference in Bologna representing Vigilant Freedom Europa/Center for Vigilant Freedom (CVF), 30 November 2007
  • Attended CounterJihad conference in Zurich,12-13 June 2010
  • Attended CounterJihad conference in London, 24 September 2011
  • Attended meeting in the west Midlands at which the English Defence League (EDL) and British Freedom Party (BFP) agreed to enter into a political alliance, 19 November 2011
  • Organised link between Patrick Brinkmann and Bjorn Larsen, which resulted in the Geert Wilders rally in Berlin, 2010
  • Activist, British Freedom Party (BFP) until it was disbanded in 2012
  • Delegate at Geneva Summit for Human Rights and Democracy, organised by UN Watch, Hillel Neuer (Canadian) and NGOs, 13 February 2013
  • Was present at OSCE conference in Warsaw with ICLA members, October 2013
  • Attended series of events in Orlando organised by Burning Bush Ministries and the Central Florida wing of ACT! with Elisabeth Sabaditsch-Wolff, Valerie Price and others, 15 May 2014.

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Magnus Nielsen

Magnus Nielsen is a former UKIP candidate who stood in Hampstead and Kilburn, who has been linked to Alan Ayling.

In 2015, while at a MARIAS event, he was filmed declaring that Britain is “at war with Islam”.

  • Addressed Stop Islamisation of Europe (SIOE) demonstration outside Lambeth Palace, London, 11 September 2008
  • Attended English Defence League (EDL) rally in London in support of Geert Wilders, 5 March 2010
  • Declared that mosques should require licences, February 2015
  • Was a speaker at MARIAS event, Downing Street, April 2015
  • Stood as UKIP parliamentary candidate in 2015 General Elections for Hampstead and Kilburn.

Nielsen has been less active in recent years.

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Paul Ray aka Paul Cinato

Paul Ray originates from Luton and is one of the original founding members of the EDL, but later fell out with its leadership.

Ray runs an anti-Islamic blog using the name ‘Lionheart’, which he created in 2007. He was arrested in 2008 over postings allegedly inciting racial hatred. However, no charges were brought against him. In 2013, Ray announced on the Lionheart blog that he and his friend Nick Greger intended to take control of the EDL.

He was interviewed by Norwegian police over possible links to Norwegian mass killer Anders Behring Breivik, after Breivik identified himself as a ‘Templar of the Knights’, similar to the description Ray gave himself.

In 2014, Ray was ordered to pay €5,000 in damages to Alan Ayling after publishing three articles on his Lionheart blog in 2012 which were deemed slanderous by the Maltese courts.

Ray’s three articles were: ‘Alan Lake – Food for thought’; ‘Alan Lake – A profile’, and ‘A successful coup in Norway or a Marxist dictatorship’. His writings alleged that the plaintiff was Anders Breivik’s mentor and that he had stopped Ayling from becoming the leader of the English Defence League.

Ray is now living in Malta and appears to be still active in Order 777 together with Greger.

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Lord Malcolm Pearson of Rannoch

A member of the House of Lords, Lord Pearson is the former leader of the UK Independence Party (UKIP) (November 2009–September 2010). Pearson was instrumental in encouraging UKIP to take a stance against Islam.

Pearson is outspoken about Islam in the House of Lords, and has been criticised for his comments by other members. His role as a powerful British politician has gained him respect within the counter-jihad movement.

  • Invited Geert Wilders to show anti-Islam film Fitna in the House of Lords. Wilders was denied entry to the UK by Home secretary Jacqui Smith, February 2009
  • Attended and spoke at the Free Speech Summit organised by the Florida Security Council alongside Geert Wilders in May 2009
  • Attended ‘International Legal Conference on Freedom of Speech and Religion’ in Washington D.C., organised by the International Civil Liberties Alliance together with Pamela Geller and Robert Spencer, Lars Hedegaard, Diana West, David Yerushalmi, Bjorn Larsen (funded by the International Free Speech Society), October 2009
  • Successfully arranged showing of Fitna in House of Lords with Geert Wilders, March 2010
  • Resigned as UKIP leader, saying he was “not much good at party politics”, August 2010
  • He distributed free copies of Geert Wilders book Marked for Death with a note reading ‘Vilified; but justified?’ August 2012
  • Asked Lords about detrimental effects to community cohesion due to Islamic tenants, July 2013
  • Ranted in House of Lords following David Cameron’s statement: “There is nothing in Islam that justifies acts of terror”, November 2013
  • Asked Lords if they were taking extra precautions to protect Stephen Lennon (Tommy Robinson) in prison, February 2014
  • Asked House of Lords to address violence in the Qu’ran and the life of Muhammad following Lee Rigby’s murder, November 2014
  • Participated in Defeat Jihad Summit in Washington D.C., organised by Center for Security Policy. Spoke via Skype alongside Geert Wilders, Lars Hedegaard, Republican politicians and American anti-Muslim activists, 10 February 2015
  • Asked House of Lords to sponsor a conference on the nature of Islam, March 2015
  • Anti-Muslim rant in House of Lords during Queen’s Speech debate, June 2015
  • In 2017 his focus in the House of Lords remained on issues surrounding Muslims and Islam, with questions regarding whether the government would start to identify perpetrators of grooming by their religion.

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Steve Simmons aka Chris Redmond

He is the founder and organiser of the European Freedom Initiative (EFI), since 2010. He was previously Head of Media for the English Defence League (EDL) but had a turbulent relationship with the leadership. Simmons rarely went on public demonstrations and preferred to operate behind the scenes.

In 2012, he was listed as the administrative contact for the Danish Defence League, as well as having the Swedish Defence League site registered to his name. He has been considered responsible for the European links to sister branches of the EDL.

Simmons was criticised by many in the European Defence Leagues after he recruited Philip Traulsen (a former member of the nazi Blood & Honour movement, who had links to other far-right groups) to the Danish Defence League just before the European Defence League launch in Århus in 2012.

The EFI website is no longer active. However, a Facebook page is and Simmons also has a private Twitter account that solely tweets EFI content.

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Anne Marie Waters

Anne Marie Waters is now among Britain’s leading counter-jihad activists and is leader of the For Britain Movement.

She spent many years as a Labour Party member, running twice as a party candidate. She was also a spokesperson and co-director for the One Law for All campaign and was a council member of the National Secular Society. In 2013, however, Waters shifted dramatically to the right, writing regular blogs for the International Free Press Society’s Dispatch International on subjects such as Sharia law, immigration and ‘Muslim crime’. Then, in May 2014, Waters joined UKIP.

In April 2014, Waters launched Sharia Watch UK in the House of Lords. She was central to plans to host a Muhammad cartoons competition in London in September 2015, which was later cancelled. When Stephen Lennon becoming leader of Pegida UK, she became a central figure in that movement though the project soon failed.

In 2017 she ran to become leader of UKIP but lost out to Henry Bolton, coming second with 2,755 votes and 21.3% share of the vote. In October 2017 she launched a new anti-Muslim party called For Britain.

  • Organised Passion for Freedom art exhibitions with One Law for All, London, ICLA also in attendance, 2011-13
  • Recruited as regular contributor to Dispatch International, 2013
  • Spoke at Oxford Union on ‘Islam is not a peaceful religion’, May 2013
  • Publicly came out in defence of EDL’s Pat Connell on blog/Twitter, September 2013
  • Resigned from Labour Party after failure to be selected as PCC for Brighton and as Brighton Pavilion parliamentary candidate, October 2013
  • Resigned from One Law for All, November 2013
  • Speaker at International Women’s Day event in Conway Hall London, organised by London Central Humanists and featured Passion for Freedom. ICLA’s Chris Knowles in attendance, March 2014
  • Sharia Watch UK launched by Waters in the House of Lords. ICLA present, LSS Secretary Charlie Klendjian was a speaker, April 2014
  • Selected as UKIP candidate for Basildon and Billericay, later stood down, May 2014
  • Spoke at LSE on Multiculturalism and Child Protection with One Law for All, June 2014
  • Shared platform with Lars Hedegaard and Ingrid Carlqvist at an event in Copenhagen to launch a Swedish edition of Lars Hedegaard’s book, Muhammad’s Girls: Violence, Murder and Rape in the House of Islam that also featured Nicolai Sennels, who later started Pegida Denmark, June 2014
  • Spoke with MARIAS at Speakers’ Corner. Alan Ayling was present, October 2014
  • Ran as UKIP Parliamentary candidate for Lewisham East, May 2015
  • Interviewed Stephen Lennon for the launch of VOICE (Victims of Islamic Cultural Extremism), May 2015
  • Announced plans for Sharia Watch UK to bring Muhammad cartoon exhibition to London with Geert Wilders. Waters, Paul Weston and Charlie Klendjian were to be among the featured speakers, May 2015
  • Announced as part of the Pegida UK leadership team but the project soon failed, January 2016
  • Waters stood to be leader of UKIP but lost out to Henry Bolton coming second with 2,755 votes and 21.3% share of the vote, September 2017
  • Launches a new party called For Britain, October 2017.

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Paul Weston

Paul Weston was chairman of Liberty GB, an anti-Muslim, anti-immigration, far-right political party.

He was for a period part of the leadership team of the failed Pegida UK. He had also previously stood as a parliamentary candidate for UKIP in London in 2010, and in 2011 joined the British Freedom Party with members of the EDL and former BNP members.

He has been a regular contributor to the Gates of Vienna blog since 2007, writing frequently about impending civil war against Muslims and ‘white genocide’ in Britain. He has been president of the International Free Press Society in England, and is well-connected across counter-jihad networks.

While an irrelevance in the UK, Weston has a strong reputation on the international counter-jihad scene, which has seen him invited to speak at prominent events abroad.

  • Published Is European Civil war Inevitable by 2025? on Gates of Vienna, March 2007
  • Supporter, Stop Islamisation of Europe (SIOE) and attended SIOE Free Speech demonstration in London, 26 October 2007
  • Attended inaugural CounterJihad conference in Brussels, 18-19 October 2007
  • Attended CounterJihad conference in Vienna, 10-11 May 2008
  • Attended meeting at Canary Wharf, London with British and US ‘counter-jihad’ activists, including representatives of the English Defence League (EDL), arranged by the US-based Christian Action Network (CAN), August 2009
  • Addressed European Freedom Initiative (EFI) rally in Amsterdam in support of Geert Wilders, 30 October 2010
  • Spoke in Israel at a conference of the Alliance of the European Freedom and National Parties (ICLA), December 2010
  • Addressed Bloc Identitaire (BI) International Congress on the Islamisation of Europe in Paris, 18 December 2010
  • Attended Die Freiheit rally in Berlin, 3 September 2011
  • Attended CounterJihad conference in London, 24 September 2011.
  • Addressed Jewish Defence League (JDL) of Canada meeting in Toronto, 20 February 2012
  • Spoke at Pediga demo in Newcastle, February 2014
  • Spoke at EDL March Downing St, September 2014
  • Spoke at EDL rally in Luton, November 2014
  • Spoke at EDL demonstration in Dudley, February 2015
  • Ran as parliamentary candidate for Liberty GB in Luton, June 2015
  • Was a speaker at Mosbjerg Festival, Norway, alongside Lars Hedegaard, July 2015
  • With Liberty GB, organised the cancelled Muhammad cartoon competition in London with Sharia Watch UK and Lawyers’ Secular Society
  • Announced as part of the leadership team of Pegida UK, January 2016
  • Went on a North American speaking tour along with Jack Buckby. He addressed the 2016 CPAC conference alongside Lars Hedegaard. He spoke on a panel sponsored by Frank Gaffney of the Centre for Security Policy. He also addressed an ACT! for America event in New York, met Bridget Gabriel and Pamela Geller, spoke at an ACT! for Canada event in Montreal and a Jewish Defence League event in Toronto and, then, at a final event in Tennessee, March 2016
  • He spoke at the Gays Against Sharia event in Bristol alongside Anne Marie Waters, September 2017.

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Simon Harris

Simon Harris is a Nottingham, English-born and now Barcelona-based vlogger and writer who describes himself as “having written mainly about Catalan history and culture” but who now focuses on “world politics and anti-SJW issues”.

He runs the site europeandefenceleague.com which he states has “no affiliation with any other group or political party”. It aims to defend “Western values, culture and identity against the combined threat of Islam, The Left and the Globalist Elites” and to use its forum to track “people and organisations down and [share] information”.

His more recent video commentaries are often anti-Islamic, such as “Defusing Islam: The Moderate Muslim Fallacy and How to Argue Against It” and he has been interviewed by prominent anti-Muslim blogger Vlad Tepes. He has also interviewed a number of anti-Muslim figures, including Paul Weston of Liberty GB and Gavin Boby of the Law and Freedom Foundation.

Harris spoke at the “Last Day of Silence” march in London on 23 September 2017 organised by the People’s Charter Foundation.

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Jack Buckby

Buckby is a British anti-Muslim activist who first gained attention as founder of the ‘National Culturalists’ youth group, before joining the British National Party where he was touted as a potential successor to BNP leader Nick Griffin.

In 2014 Buckby quit the BNP to work as press officer for the marginal but extreme anti-Muslim party Liberty GB in 2014, attracting controversy for contesting the Batley and Spen by-election seat formerly held by murdered Labour MP Jo Cox in 2016.

Buckby worked closely with Anne Marie Waters during her failed 2017 UKIP leadership campaign and was subsequently closely involved in the launch of her anti-Muslim party the For Britain Movement.

Buckby was a founding member of the ‘Proud Boys’ the Western chauvinist and anti-Muslim fraternity run by VICE co-founder, Gavin McInnes, though he left after infighting. Buckby is currently a writer and researcher at the Canadian far-right alternative media outlet Rebel Media.

  • Buckby was kicked out of the University of Liverpool for protesting a Muslim speaker who spoke about the murder of Lee Rigby, 2013
  • Assisted Pegida UK as their press officer alongside his Liberty GB colleague, Paul Weston, chairman of the party, 2016
  • Accompanied Weston on a North American speaking tour, March 2016
  • Appeared alongside anti-Muslim activists Stephen Lennon and Anne Marie-Waters, as well as former English Defence League deputy leader Kevin Carroll at the ‘UK Against Hate’ demonstration in Manchester, 11 June 2017
  • Supported Anne Marie-Waters in her failed 2017 UKIP leadership bid and helped launch her For Britain party. For Britain has stood on an explicitly anti-Muslim platform.

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Luke Nash-Jones aka Prince Luke of Kekistan

Nash-Jones (aka Prince Luke of Kekistan) is a British alt-light figure who founded the oddball People’s Charter Foundation and runs the YouTube channel Make Britain Great Again.

The People’s Charter, formed in 2016, describes itself as “a non-partisan British Identitarian campaign group run by a diverse group of passionate Tory, UKIP, and other patriots”. The group campaigns for what it calls a “proper Brexit” and for the banning of Sharia law in the UK.

Make Britain Great Again, or MBGA News, is a YouTube channel primarily concerned with Islam and Muslims, although it also discusses broader themes common in the Alternative Right.

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